Ru-Rong Ji

Professor in Anesthesiology
Distinguished Distinguished Professor of Anesthesiology, in the School of Medicine
Professor in Neurobiology
Professor in Cell Biology
Email address:

Chronic pain is a major health problem in the US, affecting 100 million Americans. The long-term goal of the lab is to identify molecular and cellular mechanisms that underlie the genesis of chronic pain and, furthermore, to develop novel pain therapeutics that can target these mechanisms. We are interested in the following questions. (1) How do neuroinflammation and activation of glial cells (microglia and astrocytes) regulate pain and spinal cord synaptic plasticity via neuro-glial and neuro-immune interactions? (2) How do secreted miRNAs regulate neuronal signaling and synaptic transmission and pain as novel neuromodulators and pain mediators? (3) How do pro-resolution lipid mediators such as resolvins and protectin control pain via GPCR and arrestin signaling? (4) Do pain and itch share similar mechanisms? (5) How does Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in primary sensory neurons regulate pain and itch? (6) How can bone marrow stem cells produce long-term pain relief via secreting anti-inflammatory and trophic factors? We employ a multidisciplinary approach that covers in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo electrophysiology, neuronal and glial cell biology, transgenic mice, and behaviors.

Education and Training

  • Chinese Academy of Sciences (China), Ph.D. 1990

Associated Faculty Labs

Department Affiliation

  • Department of Anesthesiology


Bang, Sangsu, Christopher R. Donnelly, Xin Luo, Maria Toro-Moreno, Xueshu Tao, Zilong Wang, Sharat Chandra, Andrey V. Bortsov, Emily R. Derbyshire, and Ru-Rong Ji. “Activation of GPR37 in macrophages confers protection against infection-induced sepsis and pain-like behaviour in mice.” Nat Commun 12, no. 1 (March 17, 2021): 1704.
Deerhake, M Elizabeth, Keiko Danzaki, Makoto Inoue, Emre D. Cardakli, Toshiaki Nonaka, Nupur Aggarwal, William E. Barclay, Ru-Rong Ji, and Mari L. Shinohara. “Dectin-1 limits autoimmune neuroinflammation and promotes myeloid cell-astrocyte crosstalk via Card9-independent expression of Oncostatin M.” Immunity 54, no. 3 (March 9, 2021): 484-498.e8.
Wang, Zilong, Changyu Jiang, Hongyu Yao, Ouyang Chen, Sreya Rahman, Yun Gu, Junli Zhao, Yul Huh, and Ru-Rong Ji. “Central opioid receptors mediate morphine-induced itch and chronic itch via disinhibition.” Brain 144, no. 2 (March 3, 2021): 665–81.
Brigham, Natasha C., Ru-Rong Ji, and Matthew L. Becker. “Degradable polymeric vehicles for postoperative pain management.” Nat Commun 12, no. 1 (March 1, 2021): 1367.
Donnelly, Christopher R., Changyu Jiang, Amanda S. Andriessen, Kaiyuan Wang, Zilong Wang, Huiping Ding, Junli Zhao, et al. “STING controls nociception via type I interferon signalling in sensory neurons.” Nature 591, no. 7849 (March 2021): 275–80.
Brigham, Natasha C., Rebecca Nofsinger, Xin Luo, Nathan Z. Dreger, Alexandra K. Abel, Tiffany P. Gustafson, Seth P. Forster, Andre Hermans, Ru-Rong Ji, and Matthew L. Becker. “Controlled release of etoricoxib from poly(ester urea) films for post-operative pain management.” J Control Release 329 (January 10, 2021): 316–27.
Mwirigi, Juliet, Moeno Kume, Shayne N. Hassler, Ayesha Ahmad, Pradipta R. Ray, Changyu Jiang, Alexander Chamessian, et al. “A Role for Protease Activated Receptor Type 3 (PAR3) in Nociception Demonstrated Through Development of a Novel Peptide Agonist.” J Pain, January 9, 2021.
Rimola, Vittoria, Lisa Hahnefeld, Junli Zhao, Changyu Jiang, Carlo Angioni, Yannick Schreiber, Tabea Osthues, et al. “Lysophospholipids Contribute to Oxaliplatin-Induced Acute Peripheral Pain.” J Neurosci 40, no. 49 (December 2, 2020): 9519–32.
Jiang, Changyu, Zilong Wang, Christopher R. Donnelly, Kaiyuan Wang, Amanda S. Andriessen, Xueshu Tao, Megumi Matsuda, Junli Zhao, and Ru-Rong Ji. “PD-1 Regulates GABAergic Neurotransmission and GABA-Mediated Analgesia and Anesthesia.” Iscience 23, no. 10 (October 23, 2020): 101570.
Donnelly, Christopher R., Ouyang Chen, and Ru-Rong Ji. “How Do Sensory Neurons Sense Danger Signals?” Trends Neurosci 43, no. 10 (October 2020): 822–38.