Research Roundup: November 2018

Thursday, December 6, 2018
By Jennifer Kornbluth
Lab photo

Here are summaries of a selection of the papers published by Duke Neurobiology in November 2018:

Motor Learning:

Miguel Nicolelis and collaborators found significant clinical improvement in a group of seven chronic spinal cord injury patients following a 28-month, multi-step protocol, that combined non-invasive brain-machine interfaces, virtual reality, and robotics. All patients were upgraded from complete to partial paraplegia and regain visceral functions. Read more

Senses:

The Matsunami Lab developed a prototype based on odor receptors grown from the genes of mice that respond to target odors, including the smells of cocaine and explosives. Read more

The Mooney Lab demonstrated that being near a singing tutor activates connections between a social area of the young bird's brain and the part of the brain responsible for the juvenile's ability to sing. Read more

The Field Lab discovered a new view on the partitioning of vision across diverse ON and OFF signaling pathways by comparing the functional properties of three distinct pairs of ON and OFF pathways in rodent retina and showing that their asymmetries are pathway specific. Read more

Social interactions:

Samuel Hulbert, Alexandra Bey, and Yong‐hui Jiang show that a "one-size fits all" approach may not be the best when it comes to behavioral intervention for autism spectrum disorder and underscores the need for effective pharmaceutical development in certain genetic syndromes with severe symptom presentation. Read more